what is a close read


How to Read Civil Grades & Elevations

Civil engineers must sometimes execute plans that reference a particular elevation. For example, a plan might require an engineer to build a wall up to a certain elevation, and no higher. The engineer relies upon several pieces of equipment to calculate elevations to ensure his team executes the plan correctly. The grade rod is a […]



How to Read ANA Blood Test Results

An antinuclear antibody (ANA) test is a blood test used to diagnose autoimmune disorders such as systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). It may be ordered in conjunction with other autoantibody tests such as ESR (erythrocyte sedimentation rate) or CRP (C-reactive protein) for more specific diagnostic studies. Symptoms that precipitate the need for an ANA blood test […]



How Do I Enable the Fingerprint Reader on My HP Pavilion?

Fingerprint readers, security devices used to keep unauthorized people from logging on to your computer, are available on a variety of computer systems including the Hewlett-Packard (HP) Pavilion. The reader works by placing one of your fingers onto the reader’s scanning device. The fingerprint reader then scans your finger and lets you access your computer. […]



How to Read Quad Music

When drummers first begin performing in a marching band, many decide to play the quads (also known as the Multiple Tom-Toms). Quads can be a challenging and stimulating way to participate in a drum line, but you will be exposed to a new type of written music if your experience has been limited to drum […]



3 Tips for Reading Cosmetic Labels

eHow Style Blog Cosmetic labels and ingredient lists can be quite confusing and intimidating, especially when they are filled with claims and?unpronounceable words. But it’s important to learn to read labels so you know what you are putting on your body and can verify if a product is really worth the money. Here are three […]



How to Read a Ford Truck Axle Tag

Ford truck axles are identified by a small tag attached to the differential casing on the rear axle in most cases. The only axles that are marked differently are ones made by Dana. The same markings are used but they are placed on the casing and the long shaft of the axle rather then the […]



How to Read Grain Direction in Wood

Whenever you are cutting, sanding, painting or staining wood, knowing the direction in which the grain of the wood travels is vital to success. Performing any of these tasks against the grain of the wood will create an uneven, rough and unattractive finish that will mar the surface of whatever you intend to use the […]



How to Read a Teleprompter

Standing in front of an inanimate object and reading a script sounds simple. Add to that creating a connection with a group of people you cannot see to the mix, and suddenly it becomes quite difficult. While television personalities often make it look easy, they spend endless hours practicing to perfect the art. Look Ahead […]



How to Read Music on Viola Clef

Many people know how to read music in treble clef (G clef) and bass clef (F clef). Yet many people are unfamiliar with Viola Clef (or C Clef). Viola (pronounced Vee-ola) is the middle instrument of the Violin family. The viola looks like a violin. It is bigger than a violin, but smaller than a […]



How to Read Measurements on a Dress Shirt

Men’s shirt sizing isn’t always clear cut, especially when you’re used to looking simply for small, medium or large. Knowing your measurements takes the guess work out of shirt shopping and helps you find the right fit every time. Breaking Down the Numbers Dress-shirt sizing typically features two numbers that represent key measurements. Neck Size […]



How to Read a Carpenter’s Ruler

One of the basic tools in any construction or remodeling project is the measuring tape. Understanding how to read it will be the knowledge that you will use more than any other skill learned in the industry. From the beginning of the age when man started constructing shelters to protect himself from the elements, he […]



How to Read Email Offline

When you are on the Internet, whether you are checking email, surfing the Web or watching videos, you are susceptible to viruses and bugs that can harm your computer or steal your identity. Going offline to do things like read your email can take some of the worry out of being on the computer, because […]



How to Read Laboratory Blood Results

CBC. BMP. These are names of common blood tests your doctor may order. In fact, two of the most common blood tests are a Complete Blood Count (CBC) and Basic Metabolic Panel (BMP) according to the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. Tests like these reflect your general health and give doctors a place […]



How to Read a 12-Lead EKG

An electrocardiogram, also known as an EKG or or ECG, is used in the diagnosis and assessment of cardiac activities. Medical and health professionals should have an in-depth knowledge in the interpretation of ECGs. A 12-lead ECG examines the electrical activity of the heart from12 points of view, which makes it efficient for diagnosing heart […]