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How to Read Down Syndrome Markers on an Ultrasound During Pregnancy

Down syndrome markers are indications, on an ultrasound, that a fetus may have down syndrome. Down syndrome markers found on ultrasounds are controversial, because the markers may occur in fetuses without down syndrome. The markers are not always reliable. Common markers used to identify down syndrome include echogenic bowel, echogenic intracardiac focus, dilation of the […]



How Do I Read a Federal Pay Check Stub?

Reading your pay stub for the first time is a little like reading a foreign language. There are all kinds of things that seem to have been deducted from your money before you ever got a chance to see it. A federal pay stub will look exactly the same as any other pay stub, as […]



How to Read the Lines on a Heart Monitor

You may not be a cardiologist, but you can glean a certain amount of information from the lines on an electrocardiogram (EKG). Still, it’s important to leave the true reading and diagnosis to trained healthcare providers whose profession it is to detect abnormal sinus rhythms. Deciphering peaks and valleys Compare your EKG to the normal […]



How to Read a GM Vin Number

GM vehicles, like all other vehicles, have a vehicle identification number (VIN) that provides a unique identifier for each vehicle. The VIN is stamped onto a plate attached to the left side of the vehicle’s dashboard and can be most easily viewed from the outside of the vehicle by looking through the front window. A […]



How to Read a Caliper in Inches

Calipers are measuring tools that are designed for extremely accurate and precise measurements. They are used for metal working, medicine, woodworking, making guns and other fields in which incredibly accurate measurements are necessary. Calipers are specially designed to measure things using two different tools, the main caliper and the vernier scale, which measures very small […]



How to Read a Turbo Boost Gauge

Turbo-charged engines are becoming more popular as smaller engine packages are utilizing external components to increase the power output that an engine can produce. A turbocharged engine is equipped with a rotating compressor that uses exhaust gases to generate huge amounts of compressed air for the engine to burn during combustion. Because a turbo takes […]



How to Improve a Low Carbon Dioxide Reading

A low carbon dioxide reading in the body can cause anxiety, vision problems, blackouts, muscle cramps and dizziness. The body’s carbon dioxide concentration reading measures the amount of carbon dioxide in the bloodstream, with an expected normal reading of 40 mmHg. Physical conditions alter this normal state, creating alkalinity in the blood if this concentration […]



How to Sight-Read Choir Music

Most choral groups require their members to sight-read music. Sight reading requires the ability to look at an unfamiliar piece of written music and sing the notes assigned to the singer’s part. It calls for a knowledge of musical notation and a good ear for rhythm and intervals. As with any other art, learning to […]



How to Read a Vernier Caliper

A vernier caliper is an instrument that is used for measuring objects in a precise manner, and many vernier calipers will be broken into increments of 1/128th of an inch. Learn about digital calipers that have replaced vernier calipers with help from an auto mechanic in this free video on car repairs and mechanics.



How to Read a Dun & Bradstreet Report

Dun & Bradstreet is a well-known company whose focus is on providing information and ratings about businesses worldwide. Much like the information you receive when ordering a personal credit report, a D&B report offers a detailed snapshot of a company’s financial and credit history. These reports help business owners manage risk and increase profit margins. […]



How to Read Email Offline

When you are on the Internet, whether you are checking email, surfing the Web or watching videos, you are susceptible to viruses and bugs that can harm your computer or steal your identity. Going offline to do things like read your email can take some of the worry out of being on the computer, because […]



How to Read a MOBI

The MOBI file extension, which is short for Mobipocket, is a popular e-book format. Digital Rights Management (DRM) can be used on the format to prevent illegal copying or viewing of e-books. You can read MOBI files on your computer with software that allows you to open them like the Kindle reading apps, FBReader and […]



What Do Theorists Say About Teaching Children to Read?

Theories for teaching reading skills have changed over the years as research has helped educators understand how children learn and develop. Educators still argue over the best approach to teaching children to read. The most prominent argument in the reading classroom today is phonics versus whole word. However, these are not the only approaches for […]



How to Read Unpublished Books for a Living

Most people dream of being able to do what they love for a living. Making a living reading unpublished books seems too good to be true, but it is possible. Publishing companies hire freelance readers to read unpublished books to give opinions and summarize the book’s material. The pay rate is usually $25-$100 for each […]



How to Learn to Read Minds

Mind reading is a useful skill in uncovering the intentions and motivations of people. It begins at birth–newborns are more interested in human faces than any other visual, and they are instinctively able to recognize when a parent is happy or sad. Whether it’s a mother attempting to understand why her baby is crying or […]